Author:- Pooja Kriplani

The farm bill was 1st created by President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Agriculture Adjustment Act in the U.S IN 1933, which provide subsidies to U.S farmers amid the great depression the Farm Bill comes up for renewal every five years or so. Congressional negotiations on what to include in the bill typically take about two to three years, although talks may last longer if parties can’t agree. However, by seeing the current national deficit has resulted in some changes. On 20 September 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said for decades, the Indian farmer was bound by various constraints and bullied by middlemen. The Rajya Sabha passed the Farmers’ and Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020, and the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020. The bills were passed by voice vote amid uproar by the Opposition, who alleged the ordinances are “anti-farmer”. However, three agriculture-related bills in Lok Sabha that do not seem to have gone well with farmers and the opposition party. Farmers start protest for it across the Haryana, Punjab, and Telangana protest against the bills.
“The Farmer produces trade and Commerce (promotion and facilitation) Bill”, “Farmers (empowerment and protection) agreement on price Assurance and farm service bill” and “Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill” Farmers protesting against all three bills because they are against the provision of the first. There is no uniform demand by the protesters or unified leadership. It emerged that their concern is mainly about sections relating to the trade areas, trader dispute resolution, and Market fees. As these will facilitate the easier transaction of agriculture products between farmers and private companies before all the government intervention farmers are free to sell as a prop to any private rate company it is exploitation or the perception of the lack of fair price that has lead to government intervention.

The Amendment in the Farmer produces Trade and Commerce (promotion and facilitation), Bill
The farmers produce trade and Commerce Ordinance, 2020 amendment allows the intra-state and inter-state rate of farmers produce beyond the physical premises of APMC Market. The state government is also prohibited from leaving any market species on levy outside APMC areas. The farmer agreement Ordinance creates a Framework for contract framing to an agreement between a farmer and a buyer for a period to production or rearing of any farm produce. It provides a three-level dispute settlement mechanism with the consolation board, the Divisional magistrate, and appellate authority. Also allowed the central government to regulate the supply of certain foods items only under extraordinary circumstances stock limit may impose agricultural produce only if there is step price arises.
Farmers (empowerment and protection) agreement on price Assurance and farm service bill- the farmers produce trade and Commerce bill 2020 this bill was passed by Lok Sabha on 17 September 2020 was passed by the Rajya Sabha are also on 20 September 2020 the will Facilitates create a national Framework for contracts framing through an agreement between a farmer do so the production or wearing of any farm produce. these will replace the ordinance promulgated in June 2020 it will provide a Framework for the farmer to engage in contract farming, Mr Narendra Singh Tomar on September 14, 2020, was passed by Lok Sabha on 17 September these will replace the farmer (empowerment and protection) agreement of price assurance and farm service Ordinance, 2020 promulgated on 5th June 2020.

Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill
On Tuesday Rajya Sabha passed the essential commodities Amendment Bill, 2020 which is aimed to determined commodities such as cereals, pulse, oilseed, edible oil, onions, and potatoes. The bill had been introduced and passed in Lok Sabha at Last week. It replaced an ordinance that the government hand promulgated on June 5 along with two other Ordinances on the farm sector as with the two other Ordinances also passes bill that has seen protests from farmers in Punjab and Haryana there have been concerned about the provision of bills too.

Why Farmers are protesting against them
Farmers are unhappy with the bill because they said that at once this Bill and they would pave the way for the dismantling of the minimum support price (MSP) system. The farmers added that the proposed legislation work operated agriculture bill which one frame to suit with corporate who seek to dominate the Indian Food and Agriculture business. Congress has also suggested some change in ordnance to make them farmer-friendly, this Ordinance is against the entrance of farmers it if the government wants to implement them it should and sure that no purchase and made below MSP. The government could bring in the 4th Ordinance separately to provide a clear provision that if any agency by the crops of the farmer below the MSP name legal action will be taken against it.
The reason for the protest is that According to the research it was found out that the object of ensuring fair trade between buyers and sellers for effective price discovery of farmers produce. APMC can regulate the trade of farmer produced by providing a license to buyers, commission agent and private market, lavvy market fees, or any other charge on such trade and provide necessary infrastructure within their market to facilitate the trade critics review the demanding cleaning of the monopoly of the APMC as a sign of ending the assured procurement of food brands to minimum support price MSP to the canter one Nation one market call critics have South one Nation one MSP critics argue that ensuring the larger number of harm again the am as for their produce and straightening kind in the APMC, instead of marketing the state mechanism reduced in the need of the labour.

It was found out that farmer was unhappy with this amendment of Bill. It was also seen in protest done by the farmers in Punjab and Haryana the bread-basket of India took the lead as farmers across the country took the streets to protest against the central who give the ideas of farms bills which were recently passed. It was seen in several places in Punjab starting gathering at roads for stopping the movement of traffic. Women protection that the banner of Kisan Mazdoor Sangharsh committee. In Punjab farmer also started at three days rail block kit against the bills and squad on track at many places as well as farmers in the Karnataka States demonstration across the street it on Friday as part of the “Bandh” call given to protest the anti farmer’s policy of the central and state government. Farmers were totally against the amendment in bills that allowed the interstate rate of farmer produce beyond the physical Promises of APMC Market, the state government also prove he buy it from leaving any market species on levy outside the APMC area their protest against the bills which favour of demonstrating of minimum support price MSP system the reason of protest according to the research is the object of ensuring fair trade between buyers and sellers perspective price discovery of farmers produce.

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